Sunday, 22 March 2015

A Stalwart Political Personality - Dr Shyam Prasad Mukherjee

In the history of Indian Politics, many stalwart personalities have existed. The only names which we might be aware of have their hands dirty, either in scandals or controversies. The other names we know because they build our general knowledge. For example, 1st president, 1st PM and so on.

One major motivation for me to start a blog on Politics, was to spread awareness about these personalities and their contribution to the Indian Society. This blog post is dedicated to a personality who stood against Mr Jawaharlal Nehru. A personality who was the youngest vice chancellor of any Indian University at an Age of 31. A personality who formed the Bharatiya Jana Sangh, Dr Shyam Prasad Mukherjee.

I will not go in great detail about his profile because you can easily Google for it. Here I am going to emphasize on the events from his life, due to which Dr Shyam Prasad Mukherjee acquired respect in Indian politics.

Dr Shyam Prasad Mukherjee had an amazing personality. He was a great orator and decided to plunge into mainstream politics by joining Congress. After Independence, Dr Mukherjee was made the Minister of Industries. As a part of his responsibility, he played a pivotal role in setting up Hindustan Aeronautical Limited (HAL), Bangalore.

Dr Mukherjee had differences with PM Jawaharlal Nehru. Hence, when Nehru agreed to sign the pact with Liaqat Ali Khan, his Pakistan counterpart, Dr Mukherjee was the only one to oppose it. The reason of his opposition was the terms of the agreement. The terms were considered to be uneven as they were providing rights to minorities beyond what was adequate. These rights included reservation for Muslims in government services and representative bodies of states, in proportion of their population.

Eventually, Dr Mukherjee resigned from the Cabinet and formed Bharatiya Jan Sangh, which later brought BJP into existence. The considerable point here is that when the whole Cabinet of Ministers, in Nehru Government, knew that the Liyaqat-Nehru pact was uncalled for, why nobody opposed it? The only Cabinet Minister who expressed disagreement was Dr Mukherjee.

Another achievement, as I would describe, of Dr Mukherjee was his contribution in merging Jammu & Kashmir with India. It is a known fact that Sardar Patel played pivotal role in merging all the states but J & K. Dr Mukherjee decided to eradicate the mandate of not hoisting tricolor in J&K. Yes, it was not allowed to hoist Tricolor in J&K and if any Indian wanted to enter the state, he required special permission. The India  president was also not barred from this.

Dr Mukherjee led a rally of 1000+ volunteers in Jammu and vowed to remove the non-applicability of Indian Constitution in J&K. In this movement of Satyagrah, many were arrested along with Mr Mukherjee. After the arrest, Mr Mukherjee was detained in a house situated in the outskirts of Srinagar. He fell seriously ill here and died under mysterious circumstances. However, the state of J&K was merged in India by abolishing the post of "J & K Prime Minister" and J&K Flag. But, the seperate constitution of J&K still remains.

Dr Mukherjee had contributed substantially to the country. Because of his strong believes, the country currently has a strong national party, BJP.

In subsequent posts, I will throw more light on such eminent political personalities and events associated with them.

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